Butyl acrylate is a derivative ester of the acrylic acid and butyl alcohol. Under normal conditions it is a colorless liquid with a strong specific odor. It tends to polymerize under sunlight, oxygen, temperature and peroxides. Under normal conditions, butyl acrylate spontaneously polymerizes and decomposes. In elevated temperatures, it polymerizes explosively. It comes into a violent reaction with oxidants.
Method of obtaining
Butyl acrylate is obtained on an industrial scale from ethylene cyanhydrin and butyl alcohol (in the presence of the sulphuric acid) or from the mixture of acethylene, nickel tetracarbonyl and butyl alcohol, in the presence of hydrogen chloride.
It is used as a monomer to obtain various kinds of polymers. It is used to produce plastics, paints and varnishes, and in numerous organic syntheses.
Storage and transport
Store in original, appropriately marked packaging in the storeroom of flammable and hazardous liquids equipped with an anti-explosive ventilation and electrical system, on a hard ground, in fairly low temperature. In the storeroom, do not smoke or eat meals, do not use open fire or spark-producing tools. The storage rules are defined in the PN-89/C-81400 standard. ADR: 3